Africa is the homeland of many empires and kingdoms who practiced powerful monarchy rule. Today Morocco is the only monarchy in north Africa; it is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. it is also the fifth largest economy in Africa.
King Idris founded the first Moroccan state in 788AD. since then, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, Morocco reached the heights of glory under the Almoravid and Almohad dynasties. The Alaouite dynasty came to power in 1631 and rules to this day.
Morocco was under French protection from 1912 to 1956. Sultan Mohammed became the king during this period. in 1961, he was succeeded by his son Hassan II. He ruled for 38 years and played a prominent role in the search for peace in the middle East. ironically, he also ruthlessly suppressed domestic opposition.